Stage 3: Helping your Child's Communication

Step 14: Contributing Factors to Speech and Language Impairments

Caregivers sometimes can blame themselves for their child’s difficulties but there are in fact so many reasons why these difficulties occur.

Click on the images below of the Doctor (4 times), Speech and Language Therapist (3 times) and Health Visitor (3 times) to reveal possible reasons for problems arising.



  • “The baby was premature”
  • “The child has a genetic disorder or other undiagnosed developmental disorder”
  • “Post-natal depression due to hormone imbalance after birth, so mother has less emotional and physical energy to talk to and play with the child”
  • “Thought the child would ‘grow out of it’ so did not refer to the SLT earlier”
Speech and Language Therapist

S&L Therapist

  • “Older siblings talked more for the child so they didn’t develop the need to talk”
  • “Boys do speak slower than girls, and males have more genetic disorders and communication difficulties, especially with social communication, than females”
  • “They weren’t referred early enough for therapy”
Health Visitor

Health Visitor

  • “Child had difficulty feeding in early months so did not develop oral skills early or their brain did not receive appropriate nutrition in early days”
  • “Cultural differences and expectations, e.g. Children should be seen and not heard, or boys are expected to do better than girls”
  • “The house is very busy looking after older relatives or other children, so spare time for reading and playing games with small children is difficult to find”